The Asian tree toad is known by a number of alternative names including the common tree toad, brown tree toad and yellow-spotted tree toad.
As their name suggests they are native to Asia where they live in the south-east of the continent.
These animals are carnivores and will feed on insects.
They are threatened by development in their habitat and sedimentation of the waterways they rely on.
Read on to learn more about these amazing amphibians.
The skin of the Asian tree toad is highly variable from a greenish-brown to black. Some females are even colored purple. This is patterned with large yellow spots across the back. Females have yellow bands across the legs. These may be present in males but are often quite faint.
At the end of each toe is a sticky pad. These are an adaptation to assist them when climbing up trees.
These amphibians reach a length of between 5 and 11cm (2-4.4in) long.
These animals are carnivores which feed primarily on insects such as ants.
The Asian tree toad is found in Asia as its name suggests. They may be found in the following countries – Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia; Malaysia and Thailand.
These animals are found in forests and wetlands. They live among dense vegetation found along lowland rivers.
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Tadpoles develop in quiet pools of water or at the bottom of a stream.
Females deposit their eggs in to a river. They form strings which may contain thousands of eggs. Females will choose an area of fast moving water which provides the oxygen required for the eggs to develop.
After hatching the tadpoles will use their sucker like mouth to cling to a rock to avoid being washed away by the fast moving water.
Maturity is reached by two years old.
This species is considered arboreal and is most often found in the trees.
These animals are active at night when they will descend to the ground to feed. During the day they will rest in a crevice in a tree or among the foliage.
The call of the Asian tree toad is a grating, slurred squawk which will raise slightly in pitch as it rises from start to finish.
About once per week the Asian tree toad will shed its skin and a new one will take its place. Typically they eat their own skin.
Predators and Threats
This species is considered common across its range but a proper estimate of their population is currently not created.
They face a range of threats including riverine development, forest clearing and sedimentation in streambeds.
Asian forest toads have shown no ability to adapt to a habitat once it is modified.
These frogs are known by an extraordinarily large number of alternative common names. They may also be known as the Common tree toad, House's tree toad, Boulenger's Asian tree toad, brown tree toad and Asian yellow-spotted climbing toad.
This species was previously known by the scientific name Pedostibes hosii. They are part of the family Bufonidae and considered a true toad.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Rentapia hosii (amended version of 2014 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54862A114110853. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T54862A114110853.en. Downloaded on 06 September 2021.