Silvery Gibbon Fact File
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Wild 35 years
Captive 50 years
The silvery gibbon is named for the coat of dense silver fur which covers most of their body and gives them a fluffy look.
An alternative name for this species is the Javan gibbon, a reference to their range with the species found exclusively on the island of Java.
These animals will live in a family unit made up of the adult pair which are monogamous and remain together for life. Young remain with their parents for the first few years of their life learning the skills they need to survive.
Unfortunately they are increasingly threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation along with collection for the pet trade.
Read on to learn more about these magnificent mammals.
What does the silvery gibbon look like?
The name of the silvery gibbon is taken from the fur across its body which is mostly silver grey in color. On the head they have a cap of dark blue-grey fur. Their is pale fur on the eyebrows, cheeks and beard.
These animals appear fluffy as a result of their long, dense fur.
To assist with brachiating these animals have long forearms and limbs.
Their eyes are colored brown with a small, round, black pupil.
They are considered to be a lesser ape and as a result do not have a tail.
An average silvery gibbon will reach a length of 45-64cm (18-25in) long with a weight of 5.5kg (12lbs). Males and females have a similar appearance.
What does the silvery gibbon eat?
The silvery gibbon is an omnivore. They feed on fruit, leaves, nuts, nectar and insects such as grubs. Over 125 plants have been recorded as part of their diet.
As much as 60% of their time is spent foraging.
Where can you find the silvery gibbon?
Asia is the native home of these primates. The silvery gibbon is restricted to the island of Java in Indonesia. Most of their range is in the west but some occur in the center of the island.
They are the only species of gibbon which occurs on the island of Java.
What kind of environment does the silvery gibbon live in?
They make their home in tropical rainforests.
These animals are considered to be strictly arboreal and it is rare to see them on the ground.
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How does the silvery gibbon produce its young?
There is no defined breeding season and females may enter estrus at anytime of the year.
Pairs of silvery gibbons are monogamous and remain together for life.
A single offspring is born after the 210 day gestation period. At birth the young have almost no hair and are colored pink.
Young remain in their birth group for an extended period of time to learn the skills they will require to care for their young. They also learn how to forage, socialize and survive generally.
Sexual maturity is reached between 5 and 7 years old.
Females have a 2-3 year gap between births.
What does the silvery gibbon do with its day?
Silvery gibbons live in a family unit made up of a monogamous, adult pair and their young. Groups may total up to six members.
The group will maintain a territory which they prevent other non-related gibbons from entering. Some gibbons do not hold a territory and are referred to as floaters.
To defend the territory against threats the family will produce a call to defend it. Unlike other gibbon species the male and female will not make their dueting call. Females are more dominant vocalists while the males only join in occasionally.
Silvery gibbons will move through the trees using a unique form of locomotion known as brachiation which is used only by gibbons. During this they swing their arms from branch to branch.
They are active by day when they will forage. These animals do not stop feeding during the heat of the day instead they just move to lower levels of the forest.
Credit: Copyright. The Animal Facts.
Predators and Threats
What is impacting the survival of the silvery gibbon?
Natural predators of the silvery gibbon include birds of prey.
Numbers of this species are declining in the wild. They are under significant threat as a result of habitat loss and fragmentation. The total population is thought to be less than 4,000 and no individual sub-population has more than 100 members.
They are the subject of hunting to supply the pet trade. Some are also taken for food.
A number of sub-populations are believed to have been removed.
Conservation efforts exist in Java which are seeking to return former captive gibbons to the wild.
The silvery gibbon is also known as the Javan gibbon or Moloch gibbon. Locally they are known as owa jawa.
The ‘Hylobates’ portion of their scientific name means ‘dweller in the trees.’
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