Paradise Tanager Fact File
The paradise tanager is a small, brightly colored bird found in northern South America. Here they live in forest and woodland.
They are omnivorous and feed on a range of fruits, nectar, berries and insects.
Each year they form a small cup shaped nest in to which they deposit two eggs. These hatch within twelve days.
At present the paradise tanager is considered common though they continue to decline in number.
Read on to learn more about these beautiful birds.
The paradise tanager is colored green on the side of the face, violet blue across throat turning in to a lighter blue on the belly. The rump is red and the rest of the feathers are black.
While this coloration may seem rather bold it actually blends in with the dark woodland background.
Their small beak is colored black and tapers to a point. The legs and feet share this black coloration.
An average paradise tanager will measure 13cm (5in) long and weigh 17g (0.6oz). Males and females are visibly identical making it hard to tell them apart without DNA testing.
These birds are omnivores. They will seek out a range of insects along with fruits, nectar and berries.
Much of their foraging takes place in the canopy where they will seek out fruit and insects on the undersides of branches.
South America is the native home of the paradise tanager. Here they can be found in the following countries – Bolivia; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Peru; Suriname and Venezuela.
These birds are found in forest and woodland habitats within lowland areas.
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The nest is formed from vegetation in a cup shape. In to this the female will deposit 2 eggs which are primarily white with some purple-red speckles. These are incubated for 16 days.
Chicks fledge within 12 to 14 days of hatching.
These birds move around in small flocks made up of 10 to 15 individuals. Occasionally they may travel with other species of bird.
Predators and Threats
Paradise tanagers are considered common across their range but a full estimate of their population size has not been recorded. At present the population is believed to be declining in size.
These animals are referred to as the yeri yeri by Native tribes due to the sound of their call.
Despite their Latin name of chilensis they are not found in Chile. The other portion of this name Tangara comes from a Tupí word meaning dancer, one who turns and skips.
Toby Hudson, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
thibaudaronson, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Dominic Sherony, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
BirdLife International. 2016. Tangara chilensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22722820A94786489. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22722820A94786489.en. Downloaded on 14 August 2021.
Basel, Z., 2012. Paradise Tanagers – a blaze of colour for the bird house. [online] Zoobasel.ch. Available at: <https://www.zoobasel.ch/en/aktuelles/news/501/siebenfarbentangare-farbenpracht-im-vogelhaus/> [Accessed 15 August 2021].
Basel, Z., 2021. Paradise tanager. [online] Zoobasel.ch. Available at: <https://www.zoobasel.ch/en/tiere/tierlexikon/tierbeschreibung/455/siebenfarbentangar/> [Accessed 15 August 2021].
Peru Aves. 2021. Paradise Tanager (Tangara chilensis) – Peru Aves. [online] Available at: <https://www.peruaves.org/thraupidae/paradise-tanager-tangara-chilensis/> [Accessed 15 August 2021].
Nejohnston.org. 2021. Pictures and information on Paradise Tanager. [online] Available at: <http://www.nejohnston.org/birds/bird_ParadiseTanager.shtml> [Accessed 15 August 2021].
Aviansag.org. 2021. Species Fact Sheets. [online] Available at: <http://aviansag.org/Fact_Sheets/PACCT/Paradise_Tanager.pdf> [Accessed 16 August 2021].