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Philippines Crocodile

Appearance

The Philippines crocodile is one of the smaller crocodile species measuring up to 3m (10ft). Females come in slightly smaller than males. Males may weigh up to 190kg (420lb) with females only reaching around 90kg (200lb).

In this species the snout is quite broad. They have heavy dorsal amour. Their teeth number between 66 and 68. These are regularly falling out with new ones growing in.

Their colouration is a golden brown which darkens as they grow.

Diet

Philippines crocodiles are carnivores. They feed on fish, shrimp, snails, crabs, small mammals, birds and snakes.

Range

They live around the islands which make up the Philippines.

Habitat

They make their home on the coastal and estuarine shores. Freshwater areas make up most of their habitat. These may include small lakes and ponds, small rivers and marshes.

Some estimates suggest that only 100 of these animals remain in the

Philippines crocodile

Scientific Name

Crocodylus mindorensis 

Conservation Status

Critically Endangered

Length

3m (10ft)

Weight

Male 190g (420lbs)

Female 90kg (200lbs)

Wingpsan

47-63cm (19-25in)

Lifespan

Estimate 70-80 years

Diet

Carnivorous

Reproduction

During the dry season a female will begin to build a nest using leaves, twigs and soils. Eggs are carried in the belly of the female for 2-3 months before being deposited into the nest. Both the male and female will take turns to watch the nest.

After 65-85 days the young hatch. The mother will spend time caring for the hatchlings.

Like many other crocodilians their is evidence that the gender of a Philippines crocodiles eggs are determined by the age at which they are incubated.

Maturity is reached at 1.5m (4.9ft) with an average weight at this time being 15kg (33lb).

Behavior

During the day Philippines crocodiles will rest in the sun to warm up. When they become too hot they open their mouth which helps to release some of the heat.

These crocodiles can float on the surface of the water. To control buoyancy they are able to ingest stones.

Quick facts

The Philippine crocodile is also known as the Mindoro crocodile.

Until recently the Philippines crocodile was classed as a subspecies of the New Guinea crocodile.

It has been illegal to kill the Philippines crocodile since 2001 in its natural range.

Photo Credits

Top       

By Gregg Yan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Bottom

By Scott Sandars from Melbourne, Australia (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

References

van Weerd, M., C. Pomaro, C., de Leon, J., Antolin, R. & Mercado, V. 2016. Crocodylus mindorensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T5672A3048281. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T5672A3048281.en. Downloaded on 26 April 2020.

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